Ozone was first introduced to the medical field in the 1900s.
It was soon proven that low ozone concentrations were highly effective against certain bacteria, viruses, and fungi and avoid damaging complex human cells. Since then, it has been used to speed up healing from wounds and diseases.
Ozone therapy was first developed in Europe and the United States; however, Europe has used ozone therapy more widely.
Ozone’s wide application soon led to its introduction to dentistry. Dentists use it to treat sinus issues and other head and neck infections and as a sterilizing agent for their offices and equipment.
Here are a few more things to know about ozone and its use in dentistry.
What Is Ozone?
Ozone is one of the atmosphere’s protective layers against the sun’s ultraviolet rays. However, it’s not just found in the atmosphere. This three-oxygen molecule gas is also found in nature and can be used for sterilization and filtration; many municipal water treatment facilities use it to purify water, while supermarkets use it to filter bottled water and clean the produce they sell.
Medical-grade ozone that is pure and usable in gas and liquid forms is made by passing oxygen through a corona discharge generator. Ozonated olive oil is another form of ozone. It’s made by filtering oxygen through olive oil to create a thick ointment that patients can apply directly onto the affected area. Dentists can use all these forms of medical-grade ozone for their dental procedures, depending on what treatment they need to perform and their patient’s needs.
Ozone Therapy: How It Works
Medical ozone has been used to treat different conditions and disinfect medical equipment for over a hundred years. It also helps prevent wound infections.
The body produces more red blood cells and proteins when ozone is in contact with body fluid, which helps increase the oxygen supply in the body and promotes faster healing.
Ozone therapy also disrupts unhealthy body processes. Research also shows that it inactivates pathogens like viruses, fungi, protozoans, and bacteria.
Ozone Therapy: Benefits
For Periodontal Disease
Flushing ozonated water under the gum line helps reduce and treat periodontal disease. Ozonated gas also treats the gum tissue surrounding the affected area; dentists can apply them as gas or oil on the gums, which allows it to seep into the gum collars surrounding each tooth and into any abscess.
For Root Canals
Ozone’s sterilizing properties are useful when performing root canal procedures. Ozone kills the bacteria in the canal within the tooth, the tips of tissues around the roots, and the surrounding areas, helping to speed up the recovery process.
For Tooth Sensitivity
Ozone gas also reduces tooth sensitivity by re-calcifying teeth.
For Post-Operation Pain
Patients may experience extreme pain after they have a crown or cavity filled. The bacteria buildup in the tooth’s inner pulp often causes this pain. Applying ozone before placing the crown or filling the cavity helps reduce bacteria buildup and reduces the chance of additional dental work for pulpitis.
For Tooth Decay
Ozone’s antibacterial properties help prevent small cavities from getting larger. It can also disinfect decaying areas beneath tooth restorations.
Flushing the socket after tooth extraction with ozonated water reduces the number of pathogens in the bone, periodontal ligament, or tooth. It also reduces pain after surgery and speeds up healing.
For Temporomandibular Joint Pain
The temporomandibular joint experiences some disorders that cause jaw pain, limiting how far patients can open or close their mouths or chew comfortably.
A study found that ozone injections effectively relieve symptoms of TMJ pain in some patients, which suggests another possible use for ozone therapy.
Ozone Therapy: Side Effects
Ozone therapy isn’t as widespread in the United States at the moment, and it has its risks. Ozone gas’s unusual number of atoms makes it unstable and, therefore, unpredictable.
Healthcare providers should use ozone therapy with extreme caution It should never be inhaled. According to an FDA warning issued in 2019, inhaling ozone can irritate the lungs and cause fluid buildup, making it difficult for people to breathe.
Intravenous ozone also poses a serious health risk if used in high doses or for long periods. Discuss all possible risks with your dentist and weigh the benefits against them.
Ozone therapy has been around for quite some time and has been very useful in many ways. Its antimicrobial properties have allowed it to be used in many industries and fields, including dentistry.
Its effectiveness in inactivating bacteria, viruses, and other pathogens has made it useful in dental offices for sterilizing equipment, preventing infections, and disinfecting the mouth if needed. Its ability to increase proteins and red blood cell production has helped many experience faster healing times and better outcomes for different dental issues.However, it also comes with its risks. Talk to a Durango dentist before trying it out and weigh all options available to you.